5.1 Municipal Profile
The municipality of LAUR was then a small barrio of Bongabon, Nueva Ecija (formerly “Santor”, the first town which was founded in the province of Nueva Ecija by the Spanish Augustinian Missionaries in the year 1636). It was formerly known as Barrio “SAN ESTEBAN” whose name was derived in honor of its patron saint, St. Stephen the King (King of Hungary). Pursuant to the Executive Order No. 98, dated December 23, 1916 issued by Hon. Francis Burton Harrison, the then Governor General of the Philippine Islands, Laur was created as municipality effective on January 1, 1917. The name LAUR was derived in honor of the wife of Gen. Manuel Tinio – Doña Laureana Tinio.
5.1.1 Biophysical Profile
The municipality is located on the extreme eastern part of the province and itlies within the longitude of 121° 10’ 6.63” East and latitude 15°34’ 18.04” North. It is bounded by Sierra Madre Mountains on the east, by municipality of Bongabon on the north, Gabaldon on the southeast, General Tinio on the south and on the western part, by the City of Palayan.
The town is approximately 145 kilometers away from Metro Manila, around 29 kilometers away from Cabanatuan City which is the Trade Center of the province, passing Palayan City, the Capital of Nueva Ecija which is about 14 kilometers away and is around 103 kilometers from the Regional Government Center, Maimpis, San Fernando City.
Laur is a third class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija which has a total area of 30,568.06 hectares of flat low land, rolling hills and forest land, divided into seventeen (17) barangays namely Poblacion I, II, III and IV in the urban area and those barangays in the rural area are Barangay Betania, Canantong, Nauzon, Pinagbayanan, Sagana, San Antonio, San Felipe, San Fernando, San Isidro, San Josep, San Juan, San Vicente and Siclong. It has a total population of 32,205 and 6,983 households as of Census Year 2010 and has an Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) of 103,584,371.00.
Laur has an approximated total road length of 123 kilometers classified into national, provincial, municipal and barangay roads in which barangay roads constitute the majority of the length of roads.
|NAME OF BARANGAY||LAND AREA
( in Hectares )
|San Antonio (Pangarulong)||376.64||1.23|
Table 1. Land Area by Barangay in Laur, Nueva Ecija
As shown inTable No. __ the municipality of Laur, Nueva Ecija has a total area of 30, 568.06hectares divided into its seventeen (17) barangays.
Figure 1.Land Area Distribution by Barangay
Table 2. Slope Category within Laur, Nueva Ecija.
SLOPE CATEGORY (Degrees)
( in Hectares )
|0-18 (Level to Rolling)||15, 797.05||51.68|
|18-30 (Rolling to Hilly)||6,199.24||20.258|
|30-50 (Steep Hills to Mountainous)||8,036.02||26.29|
|50 Above (Cliff like, Stream Side, Mountainous)||535.74||1.75|
Table __ Shows that the major share having 51.68 percent belongs to the first slope category which is Level to Rolling, a total of 15, 797.05 hectares is suitable for agricultural farming. An approximately 6,199.24 hectares that falls under the second slope category(Rolling to Hilly) is appropriate for reforestation and agro-forestry. The highest slopes categories which is 30-50° and above can be noticed on upland barangays such as San Fernando, Siclong, Nauzon and San Vicente where reforestation, protection and natural regeneration is desired.
Laur is characterized by predominantly flat, with rolling hills and mountain lands. It is in mainly composed of low lands ranging from 0-200 meters above sea levels which has a portion of 38.32%. It has an elevation ranging from 60 meters above sea level (masl) to 1,760 meters above sea level (masl). The lowest elevation can be found inBarangay San Juan while the highest peak, not only in Laur, but also in Nueva Ecija,was recently explored and was called “Paasa Peak” is located at Barangay San Vicente, close to the boundary of the Municipality of Gabaldon.
Table 3. Elevation distribution by Barangay in Laur, Nueva Ecija
( in Hectares )
|0-200||11,714.23||38.32||Poblacion I, II, III IV, Betania, San Antonio, Canantong,Pinagbayanan, San Joseph, Sagana, San Isidro, partly Canantong, San Juan, San Felipe, and San Fernando|
|200-400||8,968.27||29.34||partly San Isidro, Canantong, San Juan, San Felipe, San Fernando, Siclong and San Vicente|
|400-600||4,907.28||16.05||partly Nauzon, San Fernando, Siclong and San Vicente|
|600-800||1,841.72||6.02||partly San Fernando, Siclong, San Vicente and Nauzon|
|800-1000||1,081.61||3.54||partly San Fernando, Siclong and San Vicente|
|1000 Above||2,054.95||6.72||partly San Fernando, Siclong and San Vicente|
|I||7,066.90||23.12||Two pronounced seasons: dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.|
|III||21,023.70||68.78||Seasons are not very pronounced, relatively dry from November to April, and wet during the rest of the year.|
|IV||2,477.46||8.10||Rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year.|
Table 4.Climatic type in Laur, Nueva Ecija
There are four recognized climate types in the Philippines, and they are based on the distribution of rainfall (See the Philippine Climate Map at Annex ____).
Table __ shows that the Municipality has been divided to three Climate types in which majority of the climate type which has 68.78 % belongs to the third type which means seasons are not very pronounced. The first type covers the western part of the municipality that affects the barangays of Betania, PInagbayanan, San Joseph, Sagana, San Isidro, and partly Nauzon and Poblacion II. Partly, the barangays of Siclong and San Vicente, specifically, the portion of the highest elevation, belong to the fourth climate type.
According to PAGASA, the average rainfall depth of precipitation is 1,972.4 millimeters. Compared to the national average of 2,488 millimeters, the annual depth of rainfall falling in Laur is roughly 20.72% lower. The highest average rainfall depth is in the month of July with 402.7 millimeters of precipitation while the lowest is noted in the month of April with 4.3 millimeters. Rainfall depth is being observed to increase steeply beginning May and ends as equally abrupt in the month of January. The wettest month is July with 25 days of recorded significant moisture while the driest month is April with 10 days of recorded significant moisture. The mean annual temperature is 32.2 degrees centigrade. The hottest month is April with a mean temperature of 34.4 degrees centigrade while the coldest is the month of January with 19.3 degrees centigrade. The annual average of relative humidity is 75% with the highest monthly average recorded in the month of August while the lowest is in the month of March. The prevailing wind direction is north-westerly occurring in the month of October to January. Tropical typhoon occurrence falls within 16% zone frequency.
However, deterrent factors brought by the sudden occurrence of El Niño phenomenon greatly change and affects the climatic patterns and conditions not only in Laur but also the entire province of Nueva Ecija. El Niño phenomenon is a long period of drought that causes a dramatic decrease in the total harvest of the farming communities of Laur. La Niña phenomenon on the other hand causes the worst disasters in the area. Heavy rains in the succeeding months also deterred the planting calendar for onions.
The municipality is bestowed with a wide range of vegetation. In 2003, majority (45.33%) of the vegetative cover is composed of natural grassland. Later, in 2010, land cover is composed of wooded grassland (31.66%), open forest (28.23) and cultivated lands utilized for crops annually (18.97%).
Watersheds and Drainage System
The major watersheds in the municipality are Cabu-Aulo Watershed, Calaanan Watershed and Coronel Watershed and there are nine (9) subwatersheds identified namely Alintutuan, Antipas, Bateria, Calaanan, Macalao, Marinat, Mekaliki, Palanas and Talictic. Coronel River is the major river and serves as the main source of water in the municipality for irrigation. The main drainage outlet of the community is the Pampanga River. It is the converging point of intermittent and permanent streams and creeks flowing from the higher area. Most of these streams and creeks flow north to the Pampanga River.
There are 4 fault lines within the municipality of Laur, Nueva Ecija. The susceptible barangaysare San Antonio-Siclong with 3.07 km faultline, San Fernando with 2.10 km faultline and San Antonio-Siclong-SanVicente with 7.71 km faultline where these faults run parallel with the Coronel River. Barangay Nauzon has an approximate 6.96 kilometers faultline.
About an area of 4, 453.02 hectares located along the creeks and the Coronel River, has high susceptibility to flooding and an area about 14,393.23 hectares. Flood susceptible areas are barangays of Betania, San San Antonio, Poblacion IV, Pinagbayanan, and partly San Fernando, Siclong and San Vicente where the Faultlines are situated. Denuded mountains especially in Barangay San Vicente is aggravated by the recent Super Typhoon Lando. It brought up flash floods that subsequently resulted to unexpected loss of properties, crops and livestock as well as temporary isolation of some barangays.
Erosion is very high in areas that lie along the stream paths. Subsequent floods brought by super typhoons left a number of farmers less fortunate, either crops were washed away or have been covered with soil and gravels.
The upland areas, normally have high slopes, thus, have a very high susceptibility to landslide. Affected barangays are San Vicente, Siclong, San Fernando and Nauzon, partly, barangay San Isidro, Sagana, Canantong, San Juan and San Felipe.
5.1.2. Socio-Economic and Cultural Profile
Political Subdivision (Brgys. &Sitios)
The municipality has seventeen (17) barangays, in which only four (4)of theseare urban barangays.
Table 5. Land Area Distribution per Barangay in Laur, Nueva Ecija
NAME OF BARANGAY
( in Hectares )
|San Antonio (Pangarulong)||376.64||1.23|
Majority of the Municipal Land belongs to rural areas which is 97.56 percent share in its Total Land while there is only 2.44 percent from the urban area.
Population Size and Distribution
Laur covers seventeen (17) barangays and has a total population of 32,205and a total of 7,481households as based on 2010Census Population with an annual growth rate of 1.82. Record shows that the Municipality of Laur is a Tagalog speaking town. About 74.13 of the total population speaks Tagalog while 25.18% of it speaks Ilocano. The remaining population of about 0.69% speaks other dialects like Bikol, Cebuano, Ibaloi, Kankaney, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Waray and other dialects. An approximate population of 554 Indigenous People with 127 households situated in Barangay Nauzon and San Isidro which belongs to the tribe of Kankanaey
Table 6. Household and Population by Urban and Rural Barangaysand Average Household Size, Laur, Nueva Ecija
|BARANGAY||POPULATION||%||No. ofHHs||Average HH Size|
|San Antonio (Pangarulong)||351||1.09||84||4.18|
Source: National Statistical Coordination Board 2010
Table 7. Household and Population by Age Group and Sex, Laur, Nueva Ecija
|AGE GROUP||BOTH SEXES||MALE||FEMALE|
|80 years old and over||258||118||140|
|18 years old and over||19,353||9,851||9,502|
Source: Census of Population 2010
Table 8. Household and Population 5 Years Old and Over by Sex, Place of Residence and Place of Residence 5 Years Ago, Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Sex||HH Population 5yrs. Old and Over||Place of Residence||Place of Residence 5 Years Ago|
|Same Municipality||Other Municipality Same Province||Other Province||Foreign Country||Unknown|
Source: Census of Population 2010
5.1.3 Major Livelihood Sources
Economic activities of the people of Laur is basically centered in agriculture. Farming is the main source of income. Rice and onions are the primary crops raised in the community. Secondary crops planted by farmers includes corn, cassava, garlic, vegetables and other root crops. Other families are engaged in backyard poultry and livestock raising. Some started to venture in inland fisheries (Tilapia Culture) and agro-forestry. Rolling hills and barren mountain lands provide year round supply of cogon and bugsok (buho) as a source of livelihood for upland farmers.
Some populace get involved in small scale mining as their source of income because Laur is blessed with plenty of natural mineral resources such as feldspar (white clay), kaolin, talc and ball clay (all best for ceramics making), manganese, trace of gold and bountiful deposit of good class aggregates (gravel and sand).
Presently, the LGU of Laur has its own livelihood programs. Among these are the hog and cattle raising which is being conducted through animal dispersal program.
A share of18.97% of the total land area is utilizedfor agriculture. This accounts for about 5,799.93 hectares listed as follows:
Table 9. Crop Distribution of Agricultural Areas in Laur, Nueva Ecija.
|ANNUAL CROPS||Area (Ha.)||Percentage|
|Bitter Melon (Ampalaya)||38.75||0.67|
|String Beans (Sitaw)||67.00||1.16|
|White Squash (Upo)||8.50||0.15|
|Chinese Cabbage (Pechay)||68.00||1.17|
|Winged Bean (Sigarilyas)||3.25||0.06|
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office Annual Report 2015
About 82.36% of the total agricultural land is used for rice crops Rest of the agricultural area is planted with high value crops, root crops and corn. Majority of the area is being provided irrigation by the Pinagbaryuhan Irrigators Association (PIA), others were supplied by spring waters, rivers, creeks and/or groundwater using pumping systems.
Table 10. Agricultural Land Data per Barangay in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Name of Barangay||Area (Ha.)||Number of Farmers|
Note: (*) Barangays irrigated by Pinagbaryuhan Irrigators Association
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office Annual Report 2015
There are 1,790 farmers in Laur and according to the data from the Municipal Socio Economic Profile of Laur CY 2010, there are 7,235 individuals who are agricultural workers.
The most common pasture animals being raised within the municipality are carabaos and goats to support the livelihood of farmers. Others were raising hogs and chickens in their backyards. On the other hand there were commercial poultries and piggeries, located in rural areas, proving the needs in the market.
The municipality also has efforts on providing livelihood on farmers and/or residents in terms of livestock production through the Hogs, Goats and Cattle Raising Project. A total of 45 individuals from random barangays have been benefitted in this project.
Table 11. Beneficiaries of Livestock Dispersal Program by Barangay in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Name of Barangay||No. of Beneficiaries|
Source: Municipal Veterinary Office as of 2016
Business and Trade
Businesses within the municipality are usually considered as Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) and commonly owned by sole proprietor. These businesses are shortlisted to provide the basic needs in small quantitieson the communities where they belong yet with the advantage of having the trade center of the provinceclose by, some residents desire to take chances on buying in bulk from the city. Some services are not offered within the municipality so people tend to seek these services from neighboring towns and citiies.
Table 12. Business Establishments in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENT PER CATEGORY||Total No.|
|WHOLESALE & RETAIL STORE|
|Sari-Sari Store / Grocery||375|
|Lumber and Hardware/Construction||4|
|Appliance Center & Furniture||3|
|Onion & Garlic Trading||14|
|Coconut Grinder, Egg & Dried Fish Retailer||76|
|Soft drinks Dealer||12|
|Food Products, Pastries & Baked Shop||23|
|REAL ESTATE RENTING & BUSINESS ACTIVITY|
|Apartment , Space Rental/Dormitory||1|
|HEALTH & SOCIAL WORKS|
|Palay Buying Station||12|
|Seed Center/Seed Grower||5|
|Rice Mill/ Mini Cono||17|
|OTHER COMMUNITY, SOCIAL & PERSON|
|Electronic / Cellphone Repair Shop||4|
|Motorcycle, Bicycle & Electronic Parts||8|
|Photo /Video Coverage||4|
|Printing, Graphics & Design Services||2|
Source: Municipal Records 2010
Labor Force and Employment
A total of 19, 872 individuals, according to 2010 records, belong to the labor force, these are population who are 15 years old and over. Among the labor force, 53.4 percent were employed and 46.5 were not. Possible reasons for unemployment is education and minority.
Table 13. Labor Force Population by Sex and Employment Status in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Sex||HH Population 15yrs. Old and Over||Employed||Percentage||Unemployed||Percentage|
Source: National Statistics Office/Municipal Records 2010
Table 14. Overseas Workers for the Past Five Years in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Year||Total No. of Overseas Workers||Employed||Percentage|
Source: Primary Data /Barangay Census 2010
Socialand Infrastructure Services
Laur has 17 elementary schools and 4 secondary schools (including 1 private school offering primary and secondary education)which attend to the educational necessities of the whole municipality.
Table 15. Education Facilities by Barangay in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Name of Barangay||Name of Primary Schools||Name of Secondary Schools|
|Poblacion I||Laur Central School||Saint Stephen’s Academy (Private)|
|Poblacion III||Laur West Elementary School||Ricardo Dizon Canlas Agricultural School|
|Betania||Betania Elementary School||–|
|Canantong||Canantong Elementary School||–|
|Nauzon||Nauzon Elementary School||–|
|Pinagbayanan||Pinagbayanan Elementary School||–|
|Sagana||Sagana Elementary School||Jorge M. Padilla National High School|
|San Antonio||San Antonio Elementary School||–|
|San Felipe||San Felipe Elementary School||–|
|San Fernando||San Fernando Elementary School||–|
|San Isidro||Casa Real Pre-Elementary School||–|
|San Isidro Elementary School||–|
|Mainit Primary School||–|
|San Josep||San Joseph Elementary School||–|
|San Juan||San Juan Elementary School||–|
|San Vicente||San Vicente Elementary School||–|
|Siclong||Siclong Elementary School||Hilario Hermosa Memorial High School|
Source: Municipal Records 2015
Health and Medical Services
The municipality of Laur has been operating a Rural Health Unit which provides medical services to the whole population. All seventeen (17) barangays has a Barangay Health Unit. There are also two (2) private medical clinics and three (3) private dental clinics. Five (5) Pharmacies supply the medical supplies , two (2) Funeral Parlors and 5 Cemeteries including one (1) private from 4 different barangays.
Public Safety Services
Laur is one of the towns in the province having the lowest crime rate of 6%, however, peace and order is being sustained by Philippine National Police with a ratio of 1:860 to the population. The newly constructed PNP Laur Station is now located along Tablang-Gabaldon Road, Baranagay Canantong near the new Municipal Hall. The police force is equipped with 2 vehicles and 2 motorcycles roving within the municipal areas.
Bureau of Fire Protection Laur is also in partnership with the PNP, equipped with 1 Fire Truck and has reported to have just one (1) case of fire incident per year.With the support of Barangay Bantay Bayan, peace and security is maintained throughout the communities.
Social Welfare Services
Table 16. Day Care Centers by Barangay and Sitios in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Name of Barangay||No. of Day Care Centers||Name of Day Care Center|
|Poblacion I||1||Barangay I Day Care Center|
|Poblacion II||1||Barangay II Day Care Center|
|Poblacion III||1||Barangay III Day Care Center|
|Poblacion IV||1||Barangay IV Day Care Center|
|Betania||1||Barangay Betania Day Care Center|
|Canantong||3||Canantong, Sitio Balubaran and Sitio Paludpod Day Care Center|
|Nauzon||1||Nauzon Day Care Center|
|Pinagbayanan||1||Barangay Pinagbayanan Day Care Center|
|Sagana||2||Barangay Sagana, Barrio Site Day Care Center|
|San Antonio||1||Barangay San Antonio Day Care Center|
|San Felipe||2||Barangay San Felipe Upper and San Felipe Lower Day Care Center|
|San Fernando||1||San Fernando Day Care Center|
|San Isidro||5||Barangay Isidro Sitio Bayog, Sitio Casareal, Centro, Sitio Mainit and Sitio Pantoc Day Care Center|
|San Josep||2||Barangay San Joseph Day Care CenterI and II|
|San Juan||2||Barangay San Juan and San Juan Sitio Day Care Center|
|San Vicente||1||Barangay San Vicente Day Care Center|
|Siclong||2||Barangay Siclong Day Care Center I and II|
Source: Municipal Social Welfare and Development Report 2015
Laur has an approximate length of 123 kilometersRoad Network, having 63.43 kilometers of barangay roads which shares the majority of the network, an approximate of 37.08 kilometers of provincial road, 12.69 kilometers of national road and 9.36 kilometers of municipal roads. The municipality has two (2) Small Water Impounding System located atBarangays San Vicente and Siclong, a Dam located at Barangay San Juan along Coronel River and total twenty-five (25) Bridges within the boundaries of the municipality.
Table 17. 2007 Road Network of Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Road Category||Length of Roads|
( km )
( km )
( km )
( km )
( km )
Source: Municipal Engineering Office – Laur, Nueva Ecija, 2007
Table 18. 2008 Existing Bridges by Length and Locationin Laur, Nueva Ecija
|San Vicente||San Vicente Creek||Bato Ferry to Olivetti Road||18.00||Provincial|
|Siclong||Matian Creek||Bato Ferry to Olivetti Road||10.00||Provincial|
|San Fernando||Camumo Creek||Bato Ferry to Olivetti Road||20.00||Provincial|
|San Antonio||Villa Bridge||San Antonio to Bantug Road||11.00||Barangay|
|Betania||Betania Bridge||Betania to Pinagbayanan Road||4.00||Barangay|
|Betania||Santor Bridge||Santor to Betania Road||12.00||Barangay|
|Pinagbayanan||Marinat Bridge 2||Sagana to Pinagbayanan Road||10.00||Barangay|
|Sagana||Panaulo Bridge||Sagana to Nauzon Road||12.00||Provincial|
|San Isidro||Pantoc Bridge||Sagana to Nauzon Road||8.00||Provincial|
|San Isidro||Bayug Creek||Sagana to Nauzon Road||22.00||Provincial|
|San Isidro||Matatalahib Bridge||Sagana to Nauzon Road||21.00||Provincial|
|San Isidro||Palanas Creek||Sagana to Nauzon Road||10.00||Provincial|
|San Isidro||Burac 1 Creek||San Isidro to San Josep Road||12.00||Provincial|
|San Isidro||Burac 2 Creek||San Isidro to San Josep Road||10.00||Provincial|
|San Isidro||Labne Creek||San Isidro to San Josep Road||12.00||Provincial|
|San Josep||Pintol Creek||San Isidro to San Josep Road||24.00||Provincial|
|Nauzon||Nauzon 1 Creek||Sagana to Nauzon Road||9.00||Provincial|
|Nauzon||Nauzon 2 Creek||Sagana to Nauzon Road||6.00||Provincial|
|Sagana||Marinat Bridge 1||Tablang – Gabaldon Road||45.70||National|
|Bilic||Bilic Bridge||Tablang – Gabaldon Road||6.90||National|
|Culiat||Carimot Bridge||Tablang – Gabaldon Road||11.90||National|
|San Juan||San Juan Bridge 1||Tablang – Gabaldon Road||7.00||National|
|San Juan||San Juan Bridge 2||Tablang – Gabaldon Road||27.00||National|
|San Juan||San Juan Bridge 3||Tablang – Gabaldon Road||24.00||National|
|San Felipe||Bato Ferry Bridge||Tablang – Gabaldon Road||275.00||National|
Source: Municipal Engineering Office2008
The Municipality of Laur is accessible by land from Manila through buses plying the following routes: Manila-Cabanatuan, Manila-San Jose City-Tuguegarrao via Maharlika Highway and passing the Tablang-Gabaldon-Dingalan Highway. Public utility and privately owned vehicles serve as the transportation of the whole community. Laur Transport Service Cooperatives, Inc. (LTSC) is the existing jeepney operator that provides daily transportation service from Laur to Cabanatuan City and vice versa. Transport buses such as LBD Transport, Dingalan Express, Baliwag Transit, and other passenger jeepneys and vans travelling from Cabanatuan to Gabaldon and Dingalan, Aurora serve as the alternate means. The tricycle operators and drivers associations such as LATODA, CATODA and SATODA serve as the local means of transportation. Most farmers rely on the use of their locally fabricated hand tractors as practical means of transportation.
Power Supply and Electrification
The Nueva Ecija Electric Cooperative II-Area 2 has been distributing the electricity for the municipality.
Table 19. Areas Served with Electricity by Barangay in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Name of Barangay||Number of Served Household|
Source: Nueva Ecija Electric Cooperative II- Area 2, 2016
Laur Water System has been providing water supply within ten (10) barangaysthese are Poblacion area, Pinagbayanan, San Felipe, San Fernando, San Juan, San Vicente and Siclong. However, there is an ongoing construction of Pumping Station within BarangaySagana and San Joseph. Pumping Stations are located in strategic places and there is continuous effort to deliver the needs of the entire municipality.
Table 20. Household Served with Water Supply by Barangay in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Name of Barangay||Number of Served Households|
Source: Laur Water System 2016
Three (3) top communication companies such as Smart Communications, Globe Telecom Inc. and Sun Cellular network are presently operating and maintaining their cellular towers situated within the municipality. Mobiles phones are the most practical way to avail the easiest personal communication.
Pinagbaryuhan Irrigators Association provides the irrigation to Nine barangays which composes the majority of the agricultural areas namely Poblacion I, II, III IV, Canantong, Pinagbayanan, Sagana, San Josep and San Juan. Other barangays are being supplied by spring waters, rivers, creeks ang ground water with the help of irrigation pumps.
The current irrigation facilities are capable or irrigating about 1,100 hectares out of the total area of 2, 598 hectares for rice, onion and corn or42.34% of the area.
Flood Control Systems
There are identified barangays that are prone to flooding because of their location, usually near the riverbanks, creeks and possible waterways. Earth dikes with gabion are constructed to lessen flooding caused by overflows.
Table 21. List of Flood Control Structures in Laur, Nueva Ecija
|Flood Control Structure||Location|
|San Fernando Gabion Dike||along Camumo Creek|
|San Vicente Gabion Dike||along Alintutuan Creek|
|Barangay IV Concrete and Gabion Dike||along Coronel River|
|San Juan Gabion Dike||along Coronel River|